What is HTML?

HTML, or HyperText Markup Language, is the standard language used for creating web pages. It’s a markup language, meaning it provides the structure and layout for web content. HTML consists of a series of elements or tags like <head>, <body>, <p>, and <div>, among others, that browsers interpret to display text, images, videos, and other content in the user’s desired format.

HTML is the skeleton of any web page. It provides the raw structure, which is then often styled and made interactive with Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) and JavaScript respectively. An HTML file will typically start with a <!DOCTYPE html> declaration to signal to the browser that it’s an HTML5 document, followed by elements like <html>, <head>, and <body> that enclose other elements defining the structure and content of the web page.

Each HTML element is defined by a start tag (<tag>) and an end tag (</tag>), with the content in between. Some tags, known as empty elements, don’t have an end tag, like the <img> tag for images.

HTML is not a programming language; it doesn’t have functions or the ability to process logic. It’s a static language used to organize and present content. HTML’s simplicity and ease of learning make it the starting point for many people learning web development. As of September 2021, the latest version of HTML is HTML5, which provides several enhancements and features like native support for video and audio elements, form controls, and interactive elements.

Some Other Definitions

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